The statistics related to urine infections (UTIs) are alarming and that makes it even more important for each of us to understand and watch out for various urine infection symptoms.
Urine infection symptoms: facts and statistics
Nearly 10 million visits to doctors around the world are due to different urine infection symptoms. Women are likelier to get UTIs and it is estimated that nearly one in every five women will have a certain kind of UTI in her lifetime. Most UTIs are caused by a single type of bacteria (E.coli) and can be efficiently treated with antibiotics. However, people who acquire such infections frequently must undergo a variety to tests to rule out possibilities of other serious underlying medical conditions.
Causes of urinary infections
To understand various urine infection symptoms, let us first understand the cause behind them. Simply explained, UTIs are caused due to bacteria entering our elimination system. This system mainly consists of kidneys, bladder and ureters. Most bacteria get eliminated by the system, however, in some cases; the immune system is unable to get rid of them. In majority of the cases, the bacteria get restricted to the bladder (a small pouch shaped organ) where urine is stored temporarily prior to elimination. In a few cases, these bacteria, if not treated promptly, move on to the kidneys. This can lead to a more serious kind of infection (known as Pyelonephritis) that is accompanied by severe urine infection symptoms. This kidney infection can be accompanied by high fever and back pain.
Let us list down the typical urine infection symptoms:
It is a surprising fact that many people with a urine infection sometimes do not have any symptoms at all. Others may experience:
- An urge to urinate frequently.
- A painful and burning sensation when eliminating urine.
- Often patients have the uncontrollable urge to urinate but end up producing only a few drops each time.
- Some patients have pain in the lower abdomen and back.
- The urine produced is red or cloudy.
The UTI that affects the kidneys (Pyelonephritis) also has urine infection symptoms including:
- Fever and chills
- Back pain and body aches
- Nausea and vomiting
Tests and diagnosis
It is essential to quickly diagnose and treat urine infection symptoms, in order to prevent the situation from worsening. Doctors normally recommend a few tests, Urinalysis being one of the most effective ones, which involve testing the patient’s urine sample for bacterial presence. It is vital for a patient to understand how to take his/her urine sample without contaminating it. Urine culture may also be performed to help the physician prescribe the right antibiotic course for treating the bacterial infection.
As explained above, urinary tract infections are very likely to recur despite an antibiotic course. Frequent occurrences of UTIs need several other tests and examination by urologists. These include ultrasound or cytoscopic examinations that that help the doctors see the patient’s bladder and kidneys.
Most UTIs resolve within a week or two following the right antibiotic dosage. For infections that have reached the kidneys, the doctor might prescribe several weeks of antibiotics. People with other diseases and health conditions must make sure to notify their doctor regarding them in order to effectively resolve the urine infection symptoms.