There are many different types of skin rashes resulting from bacteria, fungi, allergens, immune system disorders, climate/weather, or even certain kinds of medications. An emotional outburst or stress can sometimes lead to a skin rash. It is important to correctly identify the different skin rash types in order to come up with the correct treatment for their resolution.
Common causes of different types of skin rashes
Several factors can influence the location and severity of the different skin rash types. Newborn babies with very gentle skin are often more susceptible to skin rashes. Likewise, the elderly skin can also develop rashes on account of weakened immunity.
Most simple cases of common skin rash types resolve without any treatment or with home remedies. However, certain types of skin rashes may be more serious and may be accompanied by fever, pus formation and intense itching. If that is the case, it is best to seek prompt medical treatment before the condition worsens.
Here are a few common types of skin rashes:
- Contact dermatitis– As the name suggests, this type of rash develops when the skin comes in contact with an allergen. Certain types of plants like the poison ivy, or jewelry pieces, harsh soaps, detergents and cosmetic products or latex can trigger this skin rash. Atopic dermatitis (Eczema) caused by stress, harsh soaps and detergents, or even the climate or environment is one of the more common types of contact dermatitis characterized by itchy, swollen and reddish bumps on the skin.
- Heat rash– This kind of rash, also known as prickly heat rash, is quite common in younger children or in adults who work outdoors under hot humid conditions. Heat rashes are more common in the summer months. Such rashes consist of fluid filled, red blisters typically in the clothed region such as on the upper arms, chest, neck, back, armpits, groin and elbow creases.
- Rosacea– Rosacea presents itself in different ways in different patients. It may start as a red patchy rash on one cheek but can spread to other areas of the face. Some patients have dry and flaky skin along with rosacea; others have normal or oily skin accompanied by acne vulgaris. Rosacea is more common in fair skinned patients; it is accompanied by patchy redness, visible blood vessels, bumps, pimples and, in some cases, facial swelling.
- Christmas tree rash– This type of rash is called Pityriasis rosea. It is accompanied by itchy and scaly rash that flares out in the form of a Christmas tree. It appears in patches on the back, abdomen and limbs.
- Scabies– These types of skin rashes are often mistaken for mosquito bites. Symptoms include scales or blisters and pimples that itch intensely at night. The itching of this skin rash is more common in children and elderly and can lead to open sores or secondary bacterial infections. The Scabies mites can sometimes cause burrow-like tracks on the skin that are grayish white or skin-colored and appear as raised lines.
- Medicine or drug rashes– Such types of skin rashes generally occur as a result of an allergic reaction to a drug. It may start within a week of taking the drug and may begin with small red spots that grow and cover large areas of the body. Many kinds of antibiotics are known to cause these types of skin rashes.
- Intertrigo– This type of skin rash occurs in areas such as the groin on account of tight fitting clothing or excess body weight. Warm and moist environment in these regions harbor bacteria and fungi leading to painful and oozing sores that may even bleed.
- Diaper rash– This type of rash is seen on a baby’s bottom resulting from moisture trapped by constant use of diapers. This leads to a bacterial environment that irritates the baby’s gentle skin. It may be mild in the beginning with a little redness but can become harsher and may be accompanied by oozing sores and cracks.
- Lichen Planus– Such skin rash types are characterized by purple, itchy and flat topped, angular bumps usually on the inner forearm, wrists, ankles, back, neck and legs. In some severe cases, the rash may be painful and intensely itchy.
- Psoriasis– This type of skin rash is usually accompanied by rough, silvery, itchy and scaly skin usually in patches on different parts of the body. In some cases, the patches may be very painful to touch. Psoriasis flare-ups occur periodically and subside before occurring again.
- Granuloma Annulare– Such types of skin rashes are accompanied by tiny, circular reddish bumps or papules on the backs of forearms, hands and feet. A skin biopsy may be needed to identify this type of skin condition. UV light therapy, liquid nitrogen or steroids may be used for treating such skin rash types.
- Tinea Corporis or Ringworm– These types of skin rashes may be of two different kinds: Athlete’s foot or Jock itch (that affects the groin). Both these skin rash types result from the ringworm infection. Both types are a fungal rash characterized by itchy, red, scaly and slightly raised bumps on affected parts of the body.
- Shingles/ Herpes zoster– This type of rash results from the chicken pox virus. It starts as a burning, tingling and itchy rash in the form of blisters. Later these blisters may burst to form dry ulcers that appear crusty and flaky.
These are a few different types of skin rashes some of which may resolve on their own but others might need prescription medications for their treatment.