Nosebleeds or epistaxis can occur in people of all ages but they are more common in children. It is an irritating condition that usually occurs in hot and dry weather but sometimes, can even occur in winters. Most common reasons behind nosebleeds include: environmental factors, trauma, foreign objects inserted in the nasal cavity, medicines or even some underlying disease. In this article, we will study what to do if you have a nosebleed and also how to stop nosebleeds fast using natural remedies.
1. Sit up straight
Nosebleeds tend to aggravate when you are lying on your back. Instead, sit up or stand up straight so that the blood will not go down to the back of your throat making you gag.
2. Remain calm
Nose bleed occurs when the nasal cavity is exposed to very cold or very hot weather. Children could get very upset if they are not used to this condition. Try to calm the child down by reassuring them. Restlessness, crying or fussing will only aggravate the nose bleed.
3. Apply pressure
Children suffering from frequent nosebleeds in summers or winters need to learn how to stop them fast. One technique that helps stop nosebleeds quickly is applying direct pressure on the bridge of the nose. Teach the child to keep his head elevated or tilt it forward. Make sure the child does not blow the nose or try to remove the blood clot. Continue applying pressure to the bridge of the nose for 5 minutes. If the bleeding does not stop, apply pressure for 5 more minutes. Teach the child to breathe through the mouth and spit the blood out from the mouth. Apply an ice pack if the bleeding does not stop after 15 minutes. Continue applying the ice for at least 10 minutes.
4. Use a cool or warm compress
Nose bleeding causes could vary from trauma, to environmental factors to certain medications that thin the blood down. In traumatic cases, a cold or warm compress can stem the flow of blood. Apply a packet of frozen vegetables or some ice to the nose. Keep icing the area for 10 minutes and repeat several times over the next few hours. This will subside the swelling and prevent further bleeding.
5. Use humidifiers
If the nose bleed is a result of dry or cold air, then you must use a cool mist humidifier to keep the nasal passage moist. This is very important to treat a nosebleed in kids.
6. Avoid things that cause the nosebleed
This is an important preventive step to stop nosebleed permanently. It includes making certain lifestyle changes like avoiding lifting heavy things or exerting the body. One must also avoid touching the nose and refrain from blowing it out. Avoid hot drinks and alcohol. If a new medicine or blood thinner is the cause of the bleeding, talk to your doctor about changing the medication or its dose.
7. Apply Vaseline or nasal spray
Many people find Vaseline or even simple saline based nasal sprays very helpful to help stop bloody nose. Both these remedies moisten the dry and irritated nasal passage or airways to stem the flow.
8. Use cotton in the mouth
This is one of the best natural ways to stop nosebleeds naturally. Roll a piece of tissue or cotton and place it in your mouth right under where the nose is, between the upper lip and gums. This will help you apply pressure on the blood vessels in the nose and stem the flow. Make sure you keep the cotton for at least 5 minutes as blood takes time to clot.
9. Never put cotton in the nose
Whatever you do, never try to stop a nosebleed by stuffing cotton inside the nostrils. This would only cause the nose to start bleeding all over again once you remove the cotton.
10. Get more vitamin C
People prone to frequent nosebleeds must replenish their supply of vitamin C. Vitamin C supports collagen and builds the mucus layer; it also strengthens the capillaries so they break less often to prevent chronic nosebleeds. Try to take at least 60 mg of vitamin C daily in form of fruits and veggies, or take a daily supplement.
11. Homeopathic phosphorus
Want to know what to do to stop nosebleeds in under 30 seconds? Keep a bottle of Homeopathic phosphorus on hand. Take 5 pellets to stop the nose bleed stop in less than a minute!
12. Avoid straining
Often, people with constipation strain a lot while having a bowel movement. This can also trigger bleeding of nasal capillaries. If needed, take a stool softener to prevent constipation. Be very gentle when blowing the nose out.
13. Avoid certain medication
Certain medicines especially blood thinners or Aspirin could increase the blood flow. So, do avoid taking them. Also avoid alcohol and smoking. Stay away from smoky polluted areas.
If nothing helps and the nosebleed does not stop after 30 minutes, you must seek medical help. A technique called cauterization can be done to help stop the bleeding. The doctor might even add sterile gauze in the nose. This has to be kept in the nose for at least 2 days. Do not try to remove the gauze on your own; go back to the doctor to have it removed.Failure to do so could restart the bleeding.