This guide is especially for teenagers looking to prevent unwanted pregnancy. Read on for some important ways to avoid getting pregnant. Some methods are definitely more effective than others, so if you are in doubt, always consult with your doctor.
Avoiding sexual intercourse is the easiest and safest method of preventing pregnancy. Naturally, both partners should be motivated and willing to abstain from sex especially during the female’s fertile period. This is one of the methods to avoid pregnancy naturally, the other being having intercourse only during the ‘safe-period’ when the woman is not fertile. Teenagers may think about the possible consequences of sex. Having a child will limit your education and many other factors of life, boys will abandon or use you and your peers might laugh at you. Think before you act. If you want to have sex, use hormonal contraceptives or condoms.
2. Stay away from teens who are indulging in this behavior
Avoid other girls and boys who are having sex. This will help strengthen your resolved about abstinence. It is the best way to prevent pregnancy without contraceptives. Don’t stay out late and
3. Avoid getting pressurized
Teenagers can avoid pregnancy by avoiding getting pressurized into having intercourse. Talk to someone you love and respect if you feel pressurized or threatened. Remember: it is okay to wait.
4. Use hormonal contraceptives
This is a proven way to avoid pregnancy after marriage as well as in teenagers. Most teenagers can choose between pills, patches or injections prescribed by a doctor. They work by preventing the egg from leaving the ovary and also by making the vaginal mucus thick so that the sperm cannot swim through it. For this method to work, one needs to take the pills orally every day. If you use patches, place them on the skin once a week. Depo-Provera injections are given on the female’s arm or the buttocks every 3 months. Note that these methods work 99% of the time but they do not prevent STDs. You can choose this method to avoid pregnancy for a long time. However, some oral contraceptives may give rise to side effects. You can also choose combination contraceptives pills to take every day at the same time. These are not recommended for smokers or women with vascular disease.
5. Barrier method
Barriers involve physical barriers like condoms, worn usually by the male. This is a safe and easy way to avoid pregnancy for a long time provided the male uses it each time the couple chooses to have intercourse. Other barriers include female condom, diaphragm and cervical cap. The couple needs to be motivated to use this method safely and correctly each time. Some women could have latex allergies. The failure rate of this method to prevent pregnancy is pretty high-nearly 18 to 28%.
6. Intrauterine devices
In order to avoid pregnancy for long time, the female can also use an IUD or intrauterine device. Mirena, copper-T or Progesterone T are some devices that the gynecologist will insert in the uterus. Some side effects of the method include pelvic inflammatory disorder, heavy menses etc.
This is a natural way for girls to avoid pregnancy. There are many herbs like pennyroyal, mugwort, blue cohosh etc. Note that these are not foolproof methods and also not recommended for breastfeeding mothers. Always consult an herbalist before using these natural methods of contraception.
8. Withdrawal method
This is a way to avoid pregnancy without contraceptives. In this method, the male withdraws the penis from the woman’s vagina before ejaculation. However, this is not a foolproof method of preventing pregnancy either, as sperm from drops of semen can still impregnate the woman. Also, it will not prevent STDs.
9. Emergency contraception
Every person who has sexual intercourse should have knowledge about emergency contraception in order to prevent pregnancy up to 1 week after intercourse. Most emergency contraceptives are effective for up to 120 hours after intercourse. The woman needs to take pills orally for 5 days after intercourse. This is a safe and effective way to prevent pregnancy if you have had intercourse without condom or when the woman is not taking hormonal contraception. Teenagers up to 17 years of age can get emergency contraceptives at pharmacies without prescription.