Nausea and vomiting occur when you have a ‘sick feeling’ in the stomach. Vomiting is common in pregnancy, typically during the morning hours, first thing upon waking up. Nausea and throwing up may also occur due to other reasons such as stomach indigestion, gastroenteritis, motion sickness from traveling in an airplane, boat or car. Certain medications, chemotherapy, etc could also cause vomiting. Forced vomiting is a result of psychological illnesses such as anorexia bulimia-the patient, in this case, erroneously believes that forced vomiting after eating food could prevent weight gain. If this is the reason behind your vomiting, then you must consult a therapist.
There are many home remedies for vomiting in children, toddlers and adults. Let us discuss these in detail:
1. Treat the root cause
If you have eaten something bad, then your body will automatically want to get rid of the stuff so you would naturally feel better once it is out. It is best to let nature take its course. While throwing up continuously is no fun, you must wait for the nausea to pass. Do not eat or drink anything when you are feeling sick. You can take small sips of water in between vomiting. It is best to lie down on a bed, preferably with a bed pan at hand in case you feel the urge to throw up again.
2. Take anti-nausea medicine
For home remedies for vomiting in pregnancy, the OB/GYN might prescribe anti-nausea (anti emetic) medication which may be taken first thing upon waking up. Pregnant women could even drink a few sips of soda or eat some crackers before getting up from bed. This reduces the stomach upheaval and can help one stop oneself from vomiting.
3. Stay away from certain odors
Certain smells including those of cooking could aggravate nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. So consider ventilating the room or turn on a fan to remove stale odors. Many pregnant women are known to find some relief by smelling the rind of a lemon or lime. This is one of the simple home remedies for vomiting in pregnancy.
4. Drink water
It is best not to eat or drink anything for an hour after vomiting. Take plenty of sips of water but avoid beverages like citrus drinks, sodas, alcohol, and coffee.
5. In case of injury related vomiting
Vomiting can often take a serious turn especially if it has been preceded by a head injury. If you have a swelling and headache, it is very important that you get yourself checked by a doctor.
6. What is the frequency of vomiting?
If you have been throwing up more than 5-6 times in past 24 hours and are unable to keep down even liquid foods, then it is essential you seek medical help. Frequent vomiting could leave you dehydrated so it is important you get some fluids inside you.
7. Give the vomiting child plenty of clear liquids
One of the best remedies for vomiting child is clear liquids. Give the child plenty of water, Gatorade, Kool-Aid, dilute juices of apple or cranberry juices (avoid citrus juices), clear broths, decaffeinated tea, popsicles or Jell-O. If the child is also having diarrhea, the following preparation is one of the best home remedies to stop vomiting in children:
- 8 ounces of fruit juice plus honey or corn syrup plus pinch of salt
- 8 ounces of water plus ½ tsp baking soda.
Give these to the child alternately.
8. OTC medicines for vomiting in adults
Certain medicines are effective in treating gastroenteritis related nausea and diarrhea:
- Pain and fever relieving medicines like Acetaminophen 1-2 tablets every 4 hours
- Emetrol to control vomiting and nausea-this is available over the counter.
- Pepto Bismol (2 tbsp) every 4 hours for diarrhea.
9. Tips for re-starting solid foods
In order to resume eating solid foods after a bout of sickness, patients must be extra careful in avoiding certain foods such as spicy or fried food which is known to aggravate nausea. The following foods are considered some of the safest:
- Toasted bread with honey
- White rice
- Cream of wheat or rice without milk
- Boiled potatoes
- Apple sauce/mashed bananas
- Yogurt, buttermilk. Cottage cheese
Following foods must be avoided:
- Milk, ice cream
- Spicy food
- Fatty greasy foods
- Foods with roughage.
After eating aforementioned bland foods as the part of home remedies for vomiting and diarrhea, one may resume their normal diet after 48 hours.
If the above home remedies for vomiting in toddlers, children or adults do not show result, the vomiting persists for more than 24 hours, or is accompanied by high fever, blood in stools/vomit etc, then one must seek prompt medical attention.