A bloated stomach is a sign of indigestion or dyspepsia. Often, pregnant women or women before their menstrual periods experience bloated stomach due to fluid retention. In this guide, we will discuss top home remedies and natural cures that can quickly relieve symptoms such as bloated stomach, indigestion, belching and gas.
Also check out the article on Home remedies for heartburn and acidity.
1. Avoid fiber-rich food
While fiber rich food is necessary to prevent constipation, you must stay away from it if you are feeling bloated. In particular, you must reduce the intake of beans and broccoli which tend to cause flatulence and bloating.
2. Avoid milk and milk products
One of the best home remedies to prevent bloating and flatulence is reducing intake of dairy. Dairy products contain Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Both these are known to cause flatulence and gas in some people sensitive to these microbes. So watch out for symptoms and keep a food diary if needed. On the days you consume dairy, do your symptoms increase? If yes, you might want to eliminate these foods.
3. Take Simethicone
One of the top over-the-counter (OTC) remedies to cure bloating and belching include Simethicone- a natural ingredient that binds to the gas bubbles and relieves bloating to some extent.
4. Use activated charcoal
Many OTC remedies for instant bloating relief contain activated charcoal and they are available in the form of tablets. You can purchase them from alternative practitioners or health food stores; they are quite effective in eliminating gas from the colon.
5. Take digestive enzymes
Digestive enzymes help breakdown gas producing sugars from certain foods like beans. Today, digestive enzymes are also available to break down proteins and fats. If you have pancreatic insufficiency, talk to your doctor about including these as a part of your home remedies to cure bloating and flatulence.
6. Chew the food properly
Sometimes, eating too fast can cause air to enter your system, thereby causing bloating. So, do take some time to chew the food well. Avoid eating when you are feeling tired, excited, stressed, angry or fearful.
7. Avoid stale and over-cooked food
The best remedy to treat bloating and constipation is to avoid deep fried, junk, and stale food. Always try to eat fresh food and do not over-cook food.
8. Stay away from alcohol and nicotine
Alcohol and nicotine can also cause bloating. If you want to drink alcohol, make sure you eat a little food first instead of drinking on an empty stomach. Also, keep the alcohol levels diluted by drinking a glass of water between drinks. If you are drinking ‘fizzy’ drinks, let them go flat before consuming them.
9. Treat bloating with papaya and pineapple (bromelin)
Bromelin is an enzyme found in fruits like papaya and pineapple. In elderly people, the cause of indigestion, dyspepsia, bloated stomach and acid reflux is often the lower production of stomach hydrochloric acid (a condition called achlorhydria) that leads to these issues. Consuming bromelin rich fruits can help relieve the gas by stimulating the acid production.
10. Rest before meals and walk after meals
This is an effective remedy to cure bloating in pregnant women. During pregnancy, the growing fetus puts a pressure on the stomach causing gas, belching etc. For such women, getting more rest at night and lying down before meals can help. It is very important to walk a bit after meals instead of lying down immediately after eating. Try and take your dinner 2 hours before bedtime.
11. Eat plain yogurt
For people who aren’t lactose intolerant, eating a bowl of yogurt (at least one cup per day) can help. Choose an organic brand containing 4-5 live cultures. This will help restore good bacteria in the gut and reduce bloating, gas, and other symptoms.
12. Some more physical measures to cure bloated stomach
Some other measures to cure bloating include using dentures having a snug fit, wearing loose clothing and eating smaller, more frequent meals. These measures are especially important to prevent and cure bloated stomach in elderly people.
Bloating is a common and bothersome disorder in many people. Several different bloated stomach causes could be responsible for its symptoms including fluid retention, mal-absorption of sugars etc. The best way to cure bloating is to avoid certain foods and also identify the root cause of the disorder. You could always try over-the-counter supplements containing simethicone or activated charcoal to relieve bloating quickly. If, however, these fail to show results, you must talk to your doctor. If the bloating is affecting the quality of life, you might need prescription strength medications to relive your symptoms.